Medicine of Ancient Egypt: from the first dynasties (3500-3000 years)
Beginning with the first dynasties (3500-3000 BCE) in Ancient Egypt there were the “houses of life”, which along with mathematics, astronomy, architecture, and other Sciences studied “necessary art” of medicine. The kings of Persia and the Hittite state was invited to the court of the Egyptian healers. According to the legend, in Egypt, studied Pythagoras, Hippocrates and Galen were two of the great physicians and philosophers of the ancient world.
Egyptian religion said that after death a soul returns to the body and will remain restless, if the body does not save. First from the body of the deceased was removed the insides and put them in different vessels, then the body is wrapped in fabric, impregnated with special resins. Such was the process of embalming the dead. First described by Herodotus, he was regarded by the Greeks of the great mystery. The art of medicine of the Egyptians and used to great impression on them. Homer wrote about Egypt: “. in every nation there the doctor, exceeding deep knowledge of other people.”
The Egyptians knew many medicinal plants. Highly valued aromatic resin of tropical trees — frankincense and myrrh. Used them for religious and medical purposes. A healing art was denoted by two characters — a scalpel and mortar, combining the symbols of surgery and pharmacology. As in all ancient cultures, medicine in Egypt was connected with religion. In the late period istorijata professional insignia of the Egyptian doctors is becoming the Ankh — cross-shaped loop, a symbol of life.
The Egyptians believed that the cause of the disease may be both natural and supernatural come from gods, spirits or souls of the deceased.
The person who is in their power, the misfortunes happen: he has broken bones, destroyed the heart, bad blood, ill. ZG, no longer function properly Ki – N;|; pečnik. Death may occur even atom if using the spell of an evil spirit cast out, but yo- ;|i mV it in time: its devastating “” effect on the human body went too far. Therefore, the doctor should have been given, without losing time, discover the cause of the disease |”;-f. if need be, to remove from the body of the evil spirit or destroy it. The art of medicine includes the knowledge of many spells and the ability to quickly and deftly to prepare amulets. After finished “the exile of spirit”, it was possible to apply drugs.
Often especially spells needed for the treatment of internal, “invisible” diseases. Here’s a snippet of text medical spell, which recommends treatment of “invisible illness” a medical papyrus of the mid second Millennium BC, “Here’s the spell in my head, this my neck, in my gooks, this is my body. for me, the RA says, I defend it from enemies. this leader is The one who gave literature and writing, which is :did the books. I am God’s beloved. Yes he will keep me alive. To say when applying medication. It’s been tried millions of times”. In the text mentioned the name of Gotha — one of the gods, patrons of the healing art