Capulin – deciduous tree up to fifteen feet. It belongs to the family Rosaceae. The leaves of the plant are lanceolate in shape. From above they are dark green and have a glossy finish, bottom leaves are slightly lighter (average length 6-18 cm).
Flowers capulina visually similar to the flowers of bird cherry. They are in racemes, have white petals and long stamens. The diameter of the berries capulina — 1-2 cm Pale green, juicy, sour-sweet pulp of the fruit is covered with dark red, almost black skin (less common varieties with pink or yellowish skin). Each brush is tied to two dozen fruits. but half fall before reaching maturity. Inside the berry is one large seed.
Capulina homeland of Guatemala and Mexico. Since ancient times the plant is cultivated in Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador. In the nineteenth century capulin was brought to the Philippines. A feature of this culture is rapid growth. The first harvest can be collected on the second or third year of life the plants. Interestingly, varieties of trees with gray bark bear fruit more abundant than raznovidnosti dark bark. In the historic homeland of capulin blooms from January to March and the fruits ripen in July-August. Under favorable conditions, the trees produce several crops per year.
The chemical composition of capulina
Berries contain carotene, Riboflavin, thiamine, and ascorbic and nicotinic acids. In the fruit contains salts of phosphorus, calcium and iron, essential oil, glucose, amygdalin. The seeds get a butter yellow color (it is used in the manufacture of Soaps and paints).
The use of capulina
Mature berries are used fresh or after heat treatment (in particular, their stew). Popular sweet preparation (jam, jelly, jams, marmalade, etc.). From juicy fruits to produce alcoholic beverages. Bark capulina provides people with plant fiber – it is made from burlap and rope.
Useful properties of capulina
Capulin – not only food but also a medicinal plant. Inflorescences have traditionally been used as an analgesic (particularly for headache). The leaves, buds and young shoots are used in folk medicine for the treatment of diseases of the eye. The fruits have a laxative effect. Syrup of fruits is used in the treatment of respiratory diseases. The decoction of the leaves is a good febrifuge. Also, it is prescribed in dysentery and diarrhoea. Lotions from broth reduce inflammation. Infusion of leaves – antispasmodic and sedative in neuralgia and colic .
Contraindications and special instructions
The seeds of this fruit toxic culture – their food is not consumed. Bark, seeds and leaves are used in folk medicine, but when making money you need to take extreme care of medications can be toxic. Berries capulina contraindicated if you are hypersensitive.