Laser therapy – its mechanisms and indications for use
Physiotherapy is referred to as region clinical medicine that studies the influence of natural or artificially produced physical factors on the human body and using them in therapeutic and prophylactic purposes.
Physical factors: magnetic field, electric current, heat, cold, laser, ultrasound, various types of radiation (infrared, ultraviolet), water, massage, etc.
Method of treatment and prevention using the healing properties of light emitted by a laser is called laser therapy .
As is known, light is one of the main factors supporting life on the planet, he is responsible for Photosynthesis. Low-intensity laser radiation serves as a natural stimulus that can activate a chain of intracellular changes: physico-chemical, biochemical, and biophysical.
The mechanism of therapeutic effects of laser
Laser radiation of low frequencies creates favorable conditions for absorbing the energy of Photons (quanta of light) the cell, causing intracellular oscillations and leads to a slight local temperature rise.
Laser therapy causes the following changes on cleocinonline:
leads to increased synthesis of DNA and RNA;
leads to accumulation of ATP (energy source for many biophysical processes);
releases active oxygen;
increases the charge of mitochondria.
At the tissue level laser physiotherapy helps to improve blood circulation, immunostimulirutuyu, anti-inflammatory and regenerative action.
What problems are solved with laser therapy?
The main indications for laser treatment are pain syndromes of neurogenic nature, increased sensitivity to drugs (allergies), inflammation, impaired blood circulation, stimulating regenerative processes.
Laser therapy is used in many fields of medicine:
in surgery (for healing of stitches, burns, fractures, frostbites, trophic ulcers, purulent processes, etc.);
in dentistry (periodontal disease, periodontitis, dental caries, temporomandibular arthritis, etc.);
in rheumatology (arthritis, osteoarthritis, bursitis, etc.);
in dermatology (eczema, vitiligo, herpes, acne, neurodermatitis, etc.);
in neurology (osteochondrosis, radiculitis, neuralgia, etc.);
in cardiology (ischemic heart disease, hypertonic disease, stenocardia, etc.)
There are several contraindications to laser treatment :
increased sensitivity to laser physiotherapy ;
diseases of the hematopoietic system;
benign tumors progressing;
diseases of the nervous system (increased excitability);
To make an appointment for the laser treatment can only a doctor, carefully acquainting himself with the history of the disease.