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The benefits and harms Brazil nut

As often happens, the hero of our today’s conversation is called a nut not because it is in a biological sense, but because in appearance, taste, texture and smell it is more like a walnut. Actually the grain or seed from the fruit of the tree bertholletia. Brazilian walnut is not divided into halves, as his true brethren. And if you saw the fruit bertholletia live, then, most likely, would have thought that coconut in front of you. But it’s worth it to split, and instead of the white pulp you will see large elongated grains that are covered by peel. Why not come up with mother nature!

By the title you might guess that Brazil nuts originating from the same country. Although it grows throughout the valley of the Amazon river, in the territory of Guiana, Venezuela, Bolivia and part of Peru. This product is known since the times of the Indians; he was always appreciated for the excellent taste and high nutritional value. Folk medicine of the Aztecs used the fruit bertholletia. They now play an important role in local cooking and healing.

Once on the European continent, Brazilian walnut aroused great interest and universal love. This is an incredibly tasty treat, and modern scientists were able to establish that it is also useful productpicture. To all who are watching their health, wants to have a slim figure and beautiful skin, will be interested in our today’s detailed story about Brazil nuts.

Description Brazil nut

Tree bertholletia (in some sources – bertholletia) is named in honor of the great French chemist Claude Bertolli. Looks like this tree is truly monumental: to 50-60 meters tall, absolutely straight and smooth, up to three feet in circumference, and the leaves of the fruit are almost at the very top. Bertholletia grows about five hundred years, and to bring the harvest begins only in the twelfth year of life. Collect the nuts with this giant, you know, extremely difficult, and it is not necessary: the ripened fruits drop on the ground. That’s why the Spanish colonists, for the first time tasted the sweet, nutritious Brazil nuts, called them “the gift of the Lord from heaven.”

Shell bertoletova fruit although thin, but very durable. If the fall didn’t crack it, you have to try to retrieve the treat. This very successful monkeys – one of the main connoisseurs of Brazilian walnut. They raskladyvayut the fruit on the sharp rocks. By the way, that a rich fauna of Amazonia contributes to the natural spread of bertholletia. For example, a charming agouti animals (like Guinea pigs) Brazilian hoard nuts for a rainy day, burying them in the ground. And then forget where you hid the treasure. The seeds successfully germinate, giving life to new trees. How is this similar to the story with our squirrels and acorns, is it not?

To plant Brazil nut artificially – employment is difficult, and so pointless. In the jungle with one bertholletia for the year you can withdraw up to two hundred pounds of flavored nuts! And in “captivity” these trees don’t want to bear fruit or after twelve or fifteen years after planting. Another mystery of nature! Today the main supplier of Brazil nuts to the global market is Bolivia, but the name they retained unchanged.

Benefits of Brazil nut

What is so special about this big (5-6 cm in length) buttery nut taste like cedar?

Its amazing vitamin and mineral content. It contains:

Vitamins E, C and almost all of the group B;

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