Medicinal plants Couch grass
Flowering plants of couch grass reach a height of over one meter, and form a continuous thickets. The leaves of couch-grass, flat, dark green, linear with sheaths. Flowers, like all grasses, inconspicuous. They are collected in spikes in 4-7 pieces, the cones in turn to form a long apical spikes up to 15 cm Fruit – caryopsis, similar to wheat, up to a half centimeter.
Wheat grass blooms in may-June, fruits in July-September.
This plant is found throughout Europe, Asia, avoiding only the deserts and dark forests, although it can grow on forest edges and glades, but mostly couch grass inhabits meadows, fields, fallow lands, gardens. Its modern Latin name Elytrigia repens.
Procurement and quality of raw materials
Wheatgrass rhizomes are best harvested in the autumn or spring digging area, at this time they contain the maximum quantity of active ingredients. Having dug out, they harvested from the soil, cleaned of residues of stems and leaves. Dried, laying a thin layer. If the weather is hot, dry wheat grass directly in the sun. After drying the rhizomes are put in a pile and carefully grind manually so as knead the dough or wash clothes. While small roots break off, crumble the remnants of soil and leaves. Poslepechatnaya filter out the garbage, or simply choose from one of a handful of the rhizome is” leaving the debris on the paper or Desk. Keep rhizomes as any carbohydrate raw materials in well-closed containers. Wheat grass can be easily damaged storage pests – moths, castaneum, weevil. The shelf life of raw materials 2-3 years.
The grass rhizomes contain carbohydrates: tricetin, mannitol, levulose; Agropyron, glucomannan, salt, malic acid, mineral salts, proteins, gums, saponin, fatty oil, essential oil, carotene, ascorbic acid.
Despite his evilness, wheat grass can bring great benefits. It is used in medicine and in many countries it is considered pharmacopoeial raw materials. In medicine, the Wheatgrass used in the human metabolism, as a diuretic, diaphoretic, expectorant and laxative, regulating salt metabolism means.
In addition to therapeutic action, rhizomes of couch grass have a high nutritional value. In the famine years they are dried, milled into flour and baked bread from it, adding to the stickiness of rye flour. The bread turned out quite decent quality and, unlike bread from quinoa or rhizomes of a reed, had no side effects. The rhizomes of couch grass, peeled of the earth, can be used as food for domestic animals – cattle, rabbits, poultry. As a medicinal plant Wheatgrass eat cats and dogs, it’s their favorite herbs, especially in early spring.
The old Latin name of plants Agropyron repens meant translated into Russian language “the fields creeping Fire”. Occurrence of couch grass on the field can be compared with fire. In normal conditions, Wheatgrass rarely develop seeds. They told him almost nothing, so great is the speed of vegetative reproduction of this plant. Wheatgrass has an extensive underground rhizome with many buds. Once the kidney is at a depth of less than 3 cm, it gives a fresh green shoot, or rather the beam shoots.